A seizure is a sudden, uncontrolled electrical disturbance in the brain. It can cause changes in behaviour, movements, feelings, and levels of consciousness.

There are many different types of seizures. Some involve the entire body with violent shaking or stiffening, while others may be minor with just staring spells.

Common causes include epilepsy, head injuries, infections, stroke, brain tumours, substance use, and very high fevers in children.

During a seizure, it's important to keep the person safe by moving objects away, cushioning their head, and turning them on their side. Don't restrain them or put anything in their mouth.

Many seizures are short-lived and resolve on their own after a minute or two. Call emergency services if a seizure lasts more than 5 minutes or repeats without full recovery in between.

Seizures can often be controlled with anti-epileptic medications prescribed by a doctor. Lifestyle changes like getting enough sleep and avoiding triggers like flashing lights may also help.

 Living with uncontrolled seizures can be dangerous and affect quality of life. Seeking medical care is important for proper diagnosis and treatment.