Basic TB Facts

Basic TB Facts

What is Tuberculosis (TB)?
Tuberculosis, or TB for short, is a disease caused by germs that are spread from person-to-person through the air. TB usually affects the lungs. It can al...
What are the symptoms of TB?
Coughing more than 2 weeks (can include coughing blood), unexplained weight loss and night sweats. Other symptoms: chest pain, feeling weak.  The most comm...
How is TB spread?
TB usually spreads through the air when an infected person (Person with TB) coughs, sneezes, speaks, or sings. TB germs can survive longer in a dark, clos...
How do you test for TB ?
To know if you have TB, you need to go to the clinic for a TB test. The health worker will ask you to give a snot sample for testing (also called phlegm or...
What happens when I am diagnosed with TB?
Your doctor/nurse will prescribe you treatment (pills) for at least 6 months.  Longer treatment is needed if  The TB is found outside your lung,  Sympto...
What are the side effects of the treatment?
Common side effects:  Vomiting and diarrhoea Discoloured red-orange urine  rashes itching nausea vomiting joint pain burning feeling in your feet (...
Why do I need to take treatment?
Your treatment and meds fight TB and improves your survival. TB can be fatal if not treated.  Taking the TB treatment minimises the damaging effects of TB...
Who is at high risk of contracting TB?
TB can be anywhere and can affect anyone. Some people are at a greater risk of getting sick from TB. This includes people who: • are HIV positive • have...
Can I have TB without symptoms and is there treatment for it?
A person can get a TB infection but not get sick from it. This is called a latent TB infection.  There is free treatment for latent TB infection at the ...
How can I prevent the spread of TB?
1. Keep strong & healthy • Exercise regularly • Eat healthy food • Stop smoking • Avoid alcohol 2. Cover your mouth and nose when sneezing or...